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Christian G. Parigger

Christian Parigger

Christian G. Parigger

Associate Professor of Physics


University of Tn Space Institute
Tullahoma, TN 37388-9700

Phone: (931) 393-7338/509

University of Tennessee Space Institute, Center for Laser Applications


  • B. Sc., Physics, University of Innsbruck, Austria, 1979
  • M. Sc., Physics, University of Innsbruck, Austria, 1982
  • Ph.D., Physics, University of Otago, New Zealand, 1986
  • Dr. rer. nat., Physics, University of Innsbruck, Austria, 1987

Professional Experience

  • 1996-present, Associate Professor of Physics and Astronomy, University of Tennessee
  • 1999-2002, Acting Director for Computer Services and Information Technology, UTSI
  • 1993-1996, Assistant Professor of Physics and Astronomy, University of Tennessee
  • 1991-1993, Adjunct Research Assistant Professor, Physics, University of Tennessee
  • 1989-1991, Research Associate, University of Tennessee Space Institute
  • 1987-1989, Postdoctoral Research Associate, University of Tennessee Space Institute

Selected Publications

(i) Products most closely related

  • Dors, I.G., Parigger, C.G. Computational fluid-dynamic model of laser-induced breakdown in air. Applied Optics 42, 5978-5985.
  • Hornkohl, J.O., Nemes, L., Parigger, C.G. (2011). Spectroscopy of Carbon Containing Diatomic Molecules. Spectroscopy, Dynamics and Molecular Theory of Carbon Plasmas and Vapors, Advances in the Understanding of the Most Complex High-Temperature Elemental System, Eds. L. Nemes, S. Irle, World Scientific, Ch. 4, pp 113–169.
  • Parigger, C.G. (2013). Atomic and molecular emissions in laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy 79-80, 4-16.
  • Parigger, C.G., Woods, A.C., Surmick, D.M., Gautam, G., Witte, M.J., Hornkohl, J.O. (2015). Computation of diatomic molecular spectra for selected transitions of aluminum monoxide, cyanide, diatomic carbon, and titanium monoxide. Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy 107, 132-138.
  • Parigger C.G., Drake, K.A., Helstern C.M., Gautam, G. (2018). Laboratory Hydrogen-Beta Emission Spectroscopy for Analysis of Astrophysical White Dwarf Spectra. Atoms 6, 36.
  • Parigger, C.G., Helstern, C.M., Jordan, B.S., Surmick, D.M., Splinter, R. (2020). Laser-Plasma Spectroscopy of Hydroxyl with Applications. Molecules 25, 988.
  • Parigger, C.G., Surmick, D.M., Helstern, C.M., Gautam, G., Bol’shakov, A.A., Russo, R.E. (2020). Molecular laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy. In: Jagdish P. Singh and Surya N. Thakur (Eds.), Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy, 2nd Edition, Elsevier, Ch. 7, pp 167-209.

(ii) Other significant products

  • Parigger, C.G., Tang, Y., Plemmons, D.H., Lewis, J.W.L. (1997) Spherical aberration effects in lens–axicon doublets: theoretical study. Applied Optics 36, 8214-8221.
  • Chen, Y.L., Lewis, J.W.L., Parigger, C.G. (2000). Spatial and Temporal Profiles of Pulsed Laser-Induced Air Plasma Emissions. Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 67, 91–98.
  • Parigger, C.G., Dackman, M., Hornkohl, J.O. (2008). Time resolved spectroscopy measurements of hydrogen alpha, beta, and gamma emissions. Applied Optics 47, G1-G6.
  • Parigger, C.G., Hornkohl, J.O. (2011). Computation of AlO B2Σ+ ® X2Σ+ Emission Spectra. Spectrochimica Acta, Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy 81, 404–411.
  • Parigger, C.G., Woods, A.C., Witte, M.J., Swafford, L.D., Surmick, D.M. (2014). Measurement and Analysis of Atomic Hydrogen and Diatomic Molecular AlO, C2, CN, and TiO Spectra Following Laser-induced Optical Breakdown. Journal of Visualized Experiments 84, E51250.
  • Parigger, C.G., Helstern, C.M., Jordan, B.S., Surmick, D.M., Splinter, R. (2020). Laser-Plasma Spatiotemporal Cyanide Spectroscopy and Applications. Molecules 25, 615.
  • Parigger, C.G. (2021) Review of spatiotemporal analysis of laser-induced plasma in gases. Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy 179, 106122.

Synergistic activities

  • Multidisciplinary research and education: Activities at The Center of Laser Application (CLA), including active collaborations and technology transfer with other faculty members of Physics, Mathematics, Engineering Science, Aerospace Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and Metallurgical Engineering in the areas of plasma and combustion and laser materials science.
  • Space propulsion: Research in the areas of laser- thermal propulsion, arc-jet propulsion, ion engines, and hypersonic phenomena. Development of diagnostics methods for various flow fields of a variety of gaseous fuels. Laser- and optical- spectroscopy applications for investigation of plasma, and design computational models for predictions and for comparisons with recorded experimental data.
  • Laser-ignition of combustible mixtures: Laser ignition has been developed with the objective of replacing spark igniters of gas-turbine with laser-ignition systems. Laser-spectroscopic characterization of optical breakdown and ignition events for a wide range of fuels and radiative sources parameters.
  • International collaborations: Focus on the use and application of laser spectroscopy for both fundamental studies and subsequent application to laser ignition, optical breakdown studies, also applications to biophysics, ophthalmology, cardiac tissue modeling, and nano-scale science and engineering.
  • Chair and editor: 22nd International Conference on Spectral Line Shapes (ICSLS) at UTSI, 2014; variety of topics, including Astro- and Space- Physics, Fluid Physics and Magnetofluid Dynamics.
  • Guest-editor of “Laser Plasma Spectroscopy Applications” feature issue Atoms/MDPI, 2018/2019; Guest-editor of “Practical Applications of Molecular Spectroscopy” feature issue Molecules/MDPI 2019/2020.
  • Active teaching: Significant number of graduate courses for PhD students of Physics and Engineering, and participation in promoting doctoral research students within the scientific community by means of, for example, seminars, workshops, science camps, and conference participations.

Collaborators & Other Affiliations

(i) Collaborators

  • Walter Gil, Sandia National Laboratories
  • AB Donaldson, New Mexico State University
  • Robert Splinter, Wellinq Medical, The Netherlands
  • Eugene Oks, Auburn University
  • Alessandro De Giacomo, University of Bari, Italy
  • Ashraf M. EL Sherbini, University of Cairo, Egypt
  • Awadhesh K. Rai, University of Allahabad, India
  • Ashok K. Pathak, Ewing Christian College, Allahabad, India
  • Jacqueline Johnson, University of Tennessee Space Institute
  • Susan Allen, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, Daytona Beach
  • Dennis Alexander, University of Nebraska, Lincoln

(ii) Graduate and Postdoctoral advisors

  • Peter Zoller, University of Innsbruck, Austria (Mag. rer. nat. degree)
  • Wes J. Sandle, University of Otago, New Zealand (Ph.D. experiment)
  • Rob J. Ballagh, University of Otago, New Zealand (Ph.D. theory)
  • Jim W.L.Lewis, University of Tennessee (Postdoctoral advisor)

(iii) Thesis Advisor and Postgraduate-Scholar Sponsor

Thesis/Dissertation advisor and/or association, to name but a few: P. Jeleva (MSc, PhD), I. G. Dors (MSc, PhD), G. Guan(MSc, PhD), D. Plemmons (MSc, PhD), Y. Chen (PhD), Y. Tang (PhD), M. Dackman (MSc), J. Labello (PhD), J. Ogle (MSc, PhD), Alexander Woods (MSc, PhD), William Ring (MSc),  David Surmick(MSc, PhD), Michael Witte(MSc), Lauren Swafford (MSc), Ghaneshwar Gautam(PhD). GRA students advised/committees: 100+ MSc and PhD (10 PhD Major Advisor, 50+ PhD committee member primarily Physics and MABE, or Research Advisor). Post-doctoral scholars with others in the CLA: 9.